Friday, June 10, 2011

The Hidden Grace of Mormonism

This is one of a series of posts that examines the topic of Mormon spirituality, or how we respond to the Divine in personal living. Readers can find the first here, the second here, the third here and the forth here. The purpose of the series is to explain why Mormons are the way they are and what that has to do with religion and doctrine. It was inspired by critics who seem to misunderstand or question the inner spirituality of Mormons as materialists or shallow.

When people think of Mormons, among the perceptions are a group of people who are mindlessly obedient to whatever they are told. Critics of a particular Evangelical Christian perspective believe that Mormonism teaches that we save ourselves. They often reject any idea that Jesus Christ is the center of all the Latter-day Saints do in their lives. Some of what they say is valid without understanding the contexts of those teachings. It can often seem that the Savior takes a limited role in the lives of Latter-day Saints where the emphasis is on obedience, Priesthood, tithing, Temple work, and families. Since the word "Grace" is not a word that has permeated the religious lexicon of Mormonism, it is assumed that it has little value. There becomes a war about "faith" or "works" saving the soul. Sadly, some Mormons are drawn into that argument needlessly. They don't realize that Grace makes possible the individual salvation in those teachings.

Over the years the concept of Grace has become more prominent in church lessons than in the past. However, it has always been there as a package that Mormons call The Gospel. It is only one part of the whole that is the Atonement of Jesus Christ. To concentrate on that one word is to lose greater blessings possible to those with Faith. The life of a Latte-day Saint is, if done in the right religious spirit, the activation of Grace for the believer. Obedience to the Commandments and teachings of Apostles and Prophets is not and should not be about faith in the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, but faith in the saving power of Christ.

Brigham Young had this belief in mind when he stated:

The moment the atonement of the Savior is done away, that moment, at one sweep, the hopes of salvation entertained by the Christian world are destroyed, the foundation of their faith is taken away, and there is nothing left for them to stand upon. When it is gone all the revelations God ever gave to the Jewish nation, to the Gentiles, and to us are rendered valueless, and all hope is taken from us at one sweep. (Young, Brigham. Discourses of Brigham Young. Selected by John A. Widtsoe. 1941. Pg. 27. Emphasis mine.)

Arguably, one of the best discussions on the topic of Salvation as Mormons understand the term is "Have You Been Saved" by Dallin H. Oaks of the LDS Quorum of the Twelve Apostles. He lists six ways that Mormons use the word "Saved" in religious teachings of the Gospel of Jesus Christ. Among his words is a short explanation about how Grace works as part of Salvation. He states:

Some Christians accuse Latter-day Saints who give this answer of denying the grace of God through claiming they can earn their own salvation. We answer this accusation with the words of two Book of Mormon prophets. Nephi taught, “For we labor diligently … to persuade our children … to believe in Christ, and to be reconciled to God; for we know that it is by grace that we are saved, after all we can do” (2 Ne. 25:23). And what is “all we can do”? It surely includes repentance (see Alma 24:11) and baptism, keeping the commandments, and enduring to the end. Moroni pleaded, “Yea, come unto Christ, and be perfected in him, and deny yourselves of all ungodliness; and if ye shall deny yourselves of all ungodliness, and love God with all your might, mind and strength, then is his grace sufficient for you, that by his grace ye may be perfect in Christ” (Moro. 10:32).

We are not saved in our sins, as by being unconditionally saved through confessing Christ and then, inevitably, committing sins in our remaining lives (see Alma 11:36–37). We are saved from our sins (see Hel. 5:10) by a weekly renewal of our repentance and cleansing through the grace of God and His blessed plan of salvation (see 3 Ne. 9:20–22).

The use of Grace is any time a Mormon repents, is baptized, receives the Holy Ghost by the laying on of hands, seeks to follow the Commandments, does Temple work for those who have died, and even stays away from coffee, tea, alcohol and other dietary Words of Wisdom. If they are done in Faith then they are no longer mere works, but worship. These actions are upheld by the Atonement of Jesus Christ for them to be of any value. As stated in Doctrine and Covenants 20:29-31 in a revelation to Joseph Smith:

29 And we know that all men must repent and believe on the name of Jesus Christ, and worship the Father in his name, and endure in faith on his name to the end, or they cannot be saved in the kingdom of God.

30 And we know that justification through the grace of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ is just and true;

31 And we know also, that sanctification through the grace of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ is just and true, to all those who love and serve God with all their mights, minds, and strength.

Perhaps the real criticism toward Mormons is less that they don't believe in Grace, but that they are not aware enough of their own teachings on the subject. It is something that has been corrected over the years. More talks and lessons have centered on Jesus Christ as Savior than other generations. However, Mormons also have a far more expansive understanding than saving a select few, but the Atonement effects all God's children and more. We would remain in a fallen world (see 2 Nephi 2: 25-27) with no hope of salvation.

The Gospel of the Atonement covers Faith, Repentance, Baptism, Resurrection, and Exaltation that have no power alone and apart from the Grace of our Lord and Savior. This isn't a new thing taught by the LDS Church, but an essential understanding of the religion. A true Latter-day Saint knows this and seeks to worship the Lord with that knowledge. Mormonism has a sophisticated understanding of the interplay between Grace and Works. In a sense, they don't save except that Jesus Christ has instituted the Laws of the Gospel so that Mercy and Justice can co-exist (see Alma 42). It is those Works that are vital for Salvation, because Grace gives them the power to save through Christ.

Very few Christians who believe in Faith alone really believe that in total and would probably agree with Brigham Young that, "When faith springs up in the heart, good works will follow, and good works will increase that pure faith within them" (DBY, 156). If Faith because of Grace is all you need then those who believe it should be amoral. Sin and repentance would have no meaning. Considering how often they argue for morality it is clear that isn't entirely the case. They probably have more in common with what Mormonism teaches about the Gospel of Jesus Christ than they realize.

LDS President Heber J. Grant said:

His peace will ease our suffering, bind up our broken hearts, blot out our hates, engender in our breasts a love of fellow men that will suffuse our souls with calm and happiness.

His message and the virtue of His atoning sacrifice reach out to the uttermost parts of the earth; they brood over the remotest seas. Wheresoever men go, there He may be reached. Where He is, there may the Holy Spirit be found also, with its fruit of "love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith." (Galations 5:22.)

He will be our comfort and solace, our guide and counselor, our salvation and exaltation, for "there is none other name under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved." (Acts 4:12.) (In James R. Clark, comp., Messages of the First Presidency of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints 6:140.)

Mormons try to live their religion with that in mind and heart. Those who want to "go through the motions" without Faith are not experiencing the full potential of the Gospel blessings. To live righteously is a part of using Grace to worship. It is a way to invite Christ to come closer to us rather than keep the Savior at arms length.


Regina said...

I lived some years with a Protestant Church here in Germany.

There I often heard about Grace.

Unfortunately the idea of grace in the protestant church seemed to hm allow many sins.

The understanding of the commandments was liberal and the Gospel was much talked about but taken not serious.

When Protestants began to seal gay marriages in the church I could not stay with them and their idea of grace.

Maybe the emphasizing of grace can also have not so good aspects.

Greetings from Lehrte near Hannover/Germany


Jettboy said...

I must admit my problem with Grace is how to use it in daily practice and worship. More than anything it is a concept. We can pray and repent, but what does "Grace" feel like? Its a gift without tangible effects if not coupled with faith, hope, and charity. I think this is why so many grace based believers, both conservative and liberal, end up hypocrites or immoral. Since they don't really hold to anything more than a vague notion of special salvation because they have faith in Jesus, then there isn't any reason for them to improve their lives and behavior. Since His Grace will do everything for you there isn't any reason for them to do anything.

When Grace is part of something, such as a change of heart and repentance, then it becomes full of meaning. As the Scripture says, faith without works is dead while it is only with faith that our actions are worthy of holy acceptance. The challenge for Mormons is to recognize Grace makes us who we are, while what we do allows the Spirit to spread that Grace more fully in our lives.

Russell said...

Well said, too often members and nonmembers alike don't fully understand the official teachings of the Church.

CD-Host said...

Jettboy --

I'd like to take you up on your Q&A offer though I don't want to hijack this thread. So I'll post here and understand completely if you want to redirect me to another post here and/or do this somewhere else (I can create a thread on my blog for discussion).

1) I'm trying to figure out how the political conservatism and the theological liberalism don't clash. Ultimately Mormons seem to me to be concerned with a genuine source for truth and examining a large number of sources when it comes to religious topics. But as the Republican party has become essentially the white evangelical party, dogma seems to dominate. For example on economic issues. I'm not trying to start a political debate but its a distinctive.

How does a non authoritarian religious culture mesh with an authoritarian political culture?

2) Why is the word "temple" used for the special religious location? It seems like the types of services performed: marriages, endowments... are non sacrificial in nature. The eucharist (sacrament) is done in regular meeting houses. Is there a different theology of sacrifice or what the eucharist means or what temple means or...?

3) For that matter it appears the word sacrament is used specifically and only to refer to eucharist, is that correct? Is the implication of that the of the 7 sacraments the only one recognized is the Eucharist? That doesn't make sense though since there is a heavy focus on baptism, sealing...

4) Why only the KJV? I'm pretty familiar with KJVonlyism from Protestantism and I have a hard time seeing how any of their reasons would apply to Mormons. Is it mainly innertia or is there some theological reason?

5) I'm not sure if I quite understand the distinction between marriage and sealing. Is marriage seen as a purely secular event and sealing forming an eternal bond or is something else?

I've got a bunch but I figure I better stop. Thanks in advance for any answers!

Jettboy said...

Thanks for your questions. I'll move this onto another post here when I answer to keep this on topic if anyone wants to make future comments. I'll probably make multiple posts answering each of the questions separately. This will give my Straight and Narrow Blog a little more separation and purpose from my posts at Millennial Starthan it has in a while.

Psychochemiker said...

I completely agree with you, Jettboy, that grace has always been a part of the gospel.

But we should recognize that some people, including some church leaders have errorneously taught otherwise.

From the Stake President who told the congregation that there was no repentance from Bob Millets father (some local level church leader) who told his son "We don't believe in grace, that's Baptist doctrine), there have been many church leaders who erroneously denied the grace of Christ.

My kudos to you for describing so aptly why is was always there for those who truly received the gifts of the gospel...

CD-Host said...

In rereading my questions. I think the main one I don't know the answer to at this point is (1). I've learned a lot in the last few weeks :)